It’s been virtually 13 years because the inception of the Reasonably priced Care Act (ACA), formally referred to as the Affected person Safety and Reasonably priced Care Act and informally known as Obamacare. 

A historic U.S. federal statute that was enacted by the 111th United States Congress and signed into legislation by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010, it has modified healthcare protection in a number of respects right here within the U.S.

Together with the Well being Care and Training Reconciliation Act of 2010 modification, the ACA represents the healthcare system’s most vital regulatory overhaul and enlargement of protection because the enactment of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965

Over a decade later, enterprise homeowners have turn out to be fairly a bit extra accustomed to ins and outs of the ACA’s necessities for employers. As well as, in that interim many states have added to or made modifications to their explicit strategy to reasonably priced well being care.

Nevertheless, new enterprise homeowners and smaller corporations should have many questions on what’s and what’s not required of them.

Find Out How EASE Can Make Employee Enrollment and Benefit Management A Breeze


Maybe the easiest way to outline the Reasonably priced Care Act is to easily defer to the outline supplied by the U.S. Division of Well being & Human Companies web site entry:

“The Affected person Safety and Reasonably priced Care Act, known as the Reasonably priced Care Act or “ACA” for brief, is the great well being care reform legislation enacted in March 2010.

The legislation has 3 main targets:

  • Make reasonably priced medical insurance out there to extra individuals. The legislation supplies shoppers with subsidies (“premium tax credit”) that decrease prices for households with incomes between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty stage (FPL). 
  • Broaden the Medicaid program to cowl all adults with earnings under 138% of the FPL. Not all states have expanded their Medicaid applications.
  • Help modern medical care supply strategies designed to decrease the prices of well being care usually.”

Of explicit relevance to enterprise homeowners who’re employers is what is usually referred to as the employer mandate.

Merely put, this requirement mandates that employers with 50 or extra full-time employees or equivalents (FTEs) should provide medical insurance that’s reasonably priced and supplies minimal worth to 95 p.c of their full-time staff and their youngsters as much as the tip of the month wherein they flip age 26 or be topic to penalties.

Nevertheless, for these employers with 49 or fewer full-time employees or equivalents are not required to supply their employees medical insurance choices. In truth, as it’s said on the web site,

“No small employer, usually these with fewer than 50 full-time and full-time equal staff, is topic to the Employer Shared Duty Fee, no matter whether or not they provide medical insurance to their staff.”

Nonetheless, many so-called “small companies” need to make well being protection a profit providing regardless of this not being a requirement.

To that finish, the ACA established the Small Enterprise Well being Choices Program (SHOP) for small employers who wish to present well being and dental protection to their staff. 


Typically talking, most all small companies (and non-profits) with fewer than 50 staff can use the Small Enterprise Well being Choices Program, or SHOP, to buy well being protection.

Amongst different advantages, enrolling in SHOP insurance coverage could help you get the Small Enterprise Well being Care Tax Credit score. Your organization could qualify when you’ve got fewer than 25 full-time equal (FTE) staff making a mean annual wage of about $56,000 or much less.

So, what are the necessities for enrolling your small enterprise in SHOP?

To enroll, buy, and provide Small Enterprise Well being Choices Program (SHOP) medical insurance in addition to dental insurance coverage to your staff, your online business or non-profit group should meet these 4 necessities:

  1. Have 1-50 full-time equal staff (FTEs)

To qualify for SHOP, it’s essential to have at the very least one FTE worker aside from homeowners, spouses, and members of the family of householders, and companions. 

  1. Supply protection to all full-time staff

Full-time staff usually work 30 or extra hours per week. Workers averaging lower than 30 hours per week are thought-about part-time. You don’t have to supply protection to part-time or seasonal employees however you’ll be able to provide protection to part-time staff in case you select.

  1. Enroll at the very least 70 p.c of the staff you provide insurance coverage to

Some states have completely different minimal participation necessities (MPR). You don’t have to fulfill the minimal participation requirement between November 15 and December 15, or Open Enrollment, throughout any yr. Notice that staff with different well being protection usually are not counted as “rejecting” your well being protection provide.

  1. Have an workplace or worker work web site throughout the state whose SHOP you wish to use

One exception to those necessities is the variety of staff which might be counted to designate ”small group plan” by particular person states. At the moment, California, Colorado, New York, and Vermont have mandated that small group plans are outlined as group insurance coverage preparations overlaying 100 or fewer enrollees.



J.C. Lewis Insurance coverage has been an area, family-owned agency primarily based in Sonoma County since 1979, and our professional brokers provide small enterprise insurance policy. Our mission has all the time been to supply professional recommendation and help to small enterprise homeowners in terms of group medical insurance and group medical plans.

As well as, our agency solely supplies small enterprise medical insurance plans from the main medical insurance carriers which might be licensed to do enterprise in states that we function in.

Not solely are we a staff of skilled, skilled brokers, however we’re additionally licensed and authorized by every of those insurance coverage carriers to supply protection to small group employers along with Medicare supplemental and prescription drug plans for seniors.

Whenever you’re considering of buying medical insurance for your self and your staff, and probably imaginative and prescient and dental protection, you’ll doubtless have a number of questions and considerations.


At J.C. Lewis Insurance coverage Companies, have been joyful to reply all of your questions on medical insurance protection. And you’ll be assured that we are going to enable you discover the fitting resolution.


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